“Normative and Strategic Naming and Shaming in the UN Universal Periodic Review” by Yui Nishimura
August 4, 2021 @ 9:00 am – 10:00 am JST
Author: Yui Nishimura (Rice).
Abstract: Why do states engage in naming and shaming activities? This project focuses on the Universal Periodic Review (UPR), a novel peer-review system of human rights practices, and develops an explanation for submission patterns of recommendations based on the expanding roles of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and strategic relationships between senders and receivers. I argue that democracies and states with better human rights records submit more recommendations, but also that who is targeted by these recommendations is influenced significantly by NGO reports. States also use the UPR to criticize their rival countries, linking political issues within human rights frameworks. Using newly collected data on NGO activities at the UPR from 2008-2020, I evaluate these hypotheses using statistical analysis and find support. While strategic behavior among countries is present, civil society actors have significant influence in where naming and shaming efforts are focused.