“Peacekeeping, Aid and Violence: The Integrated Effect of Humanitarian Aid and UN Peacekeeping” by Han Dorussen and Shenghao Zhang
December 15, 2021 @ 9:00 am – 10:00 am JST
Abstract: Peacekeeping operation is regarded as a useful conflict resolution tool to contain violence, while the effect of aid on conflict is indeterminate. Previous literature has focused mostly on the effectiveness of peacekeeping and aid in isolation, rather than their integrated effect. This article investigates the integrated effect of humanitarian aid and the UN peacekeeping operations on violence at the subnational level. Existing research shows that subnational UN peacekeeping can keep the peace locally while humanitarian aid occasionally exacerbates violence. By means of sharing information and the provision of security bubbles, peacekeepers can reverse the impact of aid on conflict. Empirically, the coincidence of subnational location of humanitarian agencies and peacekeeping troops is used to test whether peacekeeping and aid are indeed complementary in reducing violence against civilians.